January 28, 2007
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Following Scripture Verses
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- And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.
- A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same.
- And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about.
- And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal.
- And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.
- And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.
- And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.
- And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.
- Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.
- And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.
- And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
- When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when thou numberest them.
- This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of the LORD.
- Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto the LORD.
- The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.
- And thou shalt take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.
- And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
- Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.
- For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:
- When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD:
- So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
- Moreover the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
- Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,
- And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin:
- And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.
- And thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony,
- And the table and all his vessels, and the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar of incense,
- And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver and his foot.
- And thou shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy.
- And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.
- And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.
- Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you.
- Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.
- And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight:
- And thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy:
- And thou shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony in the tabernacle of the congregation, where I will meet with thee: it shall be unto you most holy.
- And as for the perfume which thou shalt make, ye shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto thee holy for the LORD.
- Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his people.
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- And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
- See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:
- And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
- To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,
- And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.
- And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded thee;
- The tabernacle of the congregation, and the ark of the testimony, and the mercy seat that is thereupon, and all the furniture of the tabernacle,
- And the table and his furniture, and the pure candlestick with all his furniture, and the altar of incense,
- And the altar of burnt offering with all his furniture, and the laver and his foot,
- And the cloths of service, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office,
- And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded thee shall they do.
- And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
- Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.
- Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
- Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
- Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
- It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.
- And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.
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- And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.
- And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.
- And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron.
- And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
- And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the LORD.
- And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.
- And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves:
- They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
- And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:
- Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.
- And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand?
- Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people.
- Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.
- And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.
- And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written.
- And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.
- And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp.
- And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear.
- And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.
- And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.
- And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?
- And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief.
- For they said unto me, Make us gods, which shall go before us: for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.
- And I said unto them, Whosoever hath any gold, let them break it off. So they gave it me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.
- And when Moses saw that the people were naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:)
- Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the LORD'S side? let him come unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him.
- And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.
- And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.
- For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves to day to the LORD, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.
- And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.
- And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.
- Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.
- And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.
- Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.
- And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.
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Thought for the day:
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The foolishness and sinfulness of God's people is revealed clearly in
chapter 32. After all that God has done for them: His deliverance of them from Egypt, His provision for them of manna and quail, and most notably, His demonstration of His majesty and holiness at Mt. Sinai, as soon as things don't go exactly their way the Israelites are ready to abandon ship. The problem: Moses was gone longer than they thought that he should be. Just like many believers today, they expected the Lord to work on their timetable, and not HIS. They also were guilty of looking towards a man instead of looking towards God. Notice the statement of
"for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him".
On one hand, this was a correct statement, for they could not know precisely what was happening to Moses at any given time. However, Moses had told the leaders in 24:14,
"Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you".
The problem seems to be that, rather than trust in the God Who had demonstrated Himself with such awesomeness, they put their confidence in human leadership. This is a situation which often occurs today. Christians put their trust in a man, rather than in their Lord. They can't make decisions without a man's approval. They can't have a relationship with God apart from the leadership of some individual. Therefore, if that individual isn't available, their personal fellowship with God falls apart, and they quickly seek another "god" to follow. We know Who God is, and we have seen Him work in our own lives and through the pages of Scripture. Our focus can never be on men, but always on God.
The failure of human leadership is revealed in
verses 2-5. Aaron, along with Hur, has been established as the leader of the people during Moses' absence (
24:14). This decision, I'm certain, was based upon his previous levels of service, both in dealing with Pharaoh, in leading the people, and in the defeat of the Amalekites. Any thinking person would have found Aaron to be a good choice. God Himself had sent him to be an assistant to Moses. Yet this good man, with all his knowledge and experience, fell into sin, and took the people with Him. Though the Bible does not say it specifically, I believe that part of Aaron's problem was his pride. The people came to him for direction, and asked him to take them in a different direction than Moses had gone. Aaron knew that Moses was coming back, and could have stopped the rebellion at any time, but rather than risk the anger of the people and do right, he sought their approval and turned his back on Jehovah. Once that decision was made, everything went downhill. A calf was made in direct violation of the second commandment. Aaron even went so far as to call calf worship "a feast to the LORD" (
vs 5). This was followed by "play" (
vs. 6), which carries with it the idea of mockery, wantonness, and even immorality. Their music took on the sound of warfare (
vs. 17-18), and they completely abandoned their modesty (
vs. 25), which, by the way, are both occurring today in "churches" which have substituted pagan worship styles in the name of God for true worship of the Lord. The final evidence of Aaron's failure was revealed when he was confronted by Moses. His ridiculous claim that
"And I said unto them, Whosoever hath any gold, let them break it off. So they gave it me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf" (
vs. 24), places all the blame not only on the Israelites, but also on God Himself for allowing this calf to miraculously appear from gold thrown into a fire. So not only is Aaron prideful and foolish, but he is unwilling to admit his own sinfulness. Of course, Israel paid a high price for following his poor leadership.
Don't follow men, unless they are following Christ as outlined in the Word of God. We must always keep our eyes on the Lord, for He is the One in Whom we can safely trust.
Pastor Dr. Mark J Montgomery