February 19, 2007
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Following Scripture Verses
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- And the LORD said unto Aaron, Thou and thy sons and thy father's house with thee shall bear the iniquity of the sanctuary: and thou and thy sons with thee shall bear the iniquity of your priesthood.
- And thy brethren also of the tribe of Levi, the tribe of thy father, bring thou with thee, that they may be joined unto thee, and minister unto thee: but thou and thy sons with thee shall minister before the tabernacle of witness.
- And they shall keep thy charge, and the charge of all the tabernacle: only they shall not come nigh the vessels of the sanctuary and the altar, that neither they, nor ye also, die.
- And they shall be joined unto thee, and keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, for all the service of the tabernacle: and a stranger shall not come nigh unto you.
- And ye shall keep the charge of the sanctuary, and the charge of the altar: that there be no wrath any more upon the children of Israel.
- And I, behold, I have taken your brethren the Levites from among the children of Israel: to you they are given as a gift for the LORD, to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.
- Therefore thou and thy sons with thee shall keep your priest's office for every thing of the altar, and within the vail; and ye shall serve: I have given your priest's office unto you as a service of gift: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
- And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Behold, I also have given thee the charge of mine heave offerings of all the hallowed things of the children of Israel; unto thee have I given them by reason of the anointing, and to thy sons, by an ordinance for ever.
- This shall be thine of the most holy things, reserved from the fire: every oblation of theirs, every meat offering of theirs, and every sin offering of theirs, and every trespass offering of theirs, which they shall render unto me, shall be most holy for thee and for thy sons.
- In the most holy place shalt thou eat it; every male shall eat it: it shall be holy unto thee.
- And this is thine; the heave offering of their gift, with all the wave offerings of the children of Israel: I have given them unto thee, and to thy sons and to thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: every one that is clean in thy house shall eat of it.
- All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the wheat, the firstfruits of them which they shall offer unto the LORD, them have I given thee.
- And whatsoever is first ripe in the land, which they shall bring unto the LORD, shall be thine; every one that is clean in thine house shall eat of it.
- Every thing devoted in Israel shall be thine.
- Every thing that openeth the matrix in all flesh, which they bring unto the LORD, whether it be of men or beasts, shall be thine: nevertheless the firstborn of man shalt thou surely redeem, and the firstling of unclean beasts shalt thou redeem.
- And those that are to be redeemed from a month old shalt thou redeem, according to thine estimation, for the money of five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, which is twenty gerahs.
- But the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat, thou shalt not redeem; they are holy: thou shalt sprinkle their blood upon the altar, and shalt burn their fat for an offering made by fire, for a sweet savour unto the LORD.
- And the flesh of them shall be thine, as the wave breast and as the right shoulder are thine.
- All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer unto the LORD, have I given thee, and thy sons and thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: it is a covenant of salt for ever before the LORD unto thee and to thy seed with thee.
- And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Thou shalt have no inheritance in their land, neither shalt thou have any part among them: I am thy part and thine inheritance among the children of Israel.
- And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.
- Neither must the children of Israel henceforth come nigh the tabernacle of the congregation, lest they bear sin, and die.
- But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.
- But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.
- And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
- Thus speak unto the Levites, and say unto them, When ye take of the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the LORD, even a tenth part of the tithe.
- And this your heave offering shall be reckoned unto you, as though it were the corn of the threshingfloor, and as the fulness of the winepress.
- Thus ye also shall offer an heave offering unto the LORD of all your tithes, which ye receive of the children of Israel; and ye shall give thereof the LORD'S heave offering to Aaron the priest.
- Out of all your gifts ye shall offer every heave offering of the LORD, of all the best thereof, even the hallowed part thereof out of it.
- Therefore thou shalt say unto them, When ye have heaved the best thereof from it, then it shall be counted unto the Levites as the increase of the threshingfloor, and as the increase of the winepress.
- And ye shall eat it in every place, ye and your households: for it is your reward for your service in the tabernacle of the congregation.
- And ye shall bear no sin by reason of it, when ye have heaved from it the best of it: neither shall ye pollute the holy things of the children of Israel, lest ye die.
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- And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,
- This is the ordinance of the law which the LORD hath commanded, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring thee a red heifer without spot, wherein is no blemish, and upon which never came yoke:
- And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:
- And Eleazar the priest shall take of her blood with his finger, and sprinkle of her blood directly before the tabernacle of the congregation seven times:
- And one shall burn the heifer in his sight; her skin, and her flesh, and her blood, with her dung, shall he burn:
- And the priest shall take cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and cast it into the midst of the burning of the heifer.
- Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp, and the priest shall be unclean until the even.
- And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the even.
- And a man that is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and lay them up without the camp in a clean place, and it shall be kept for the congregation of the children of Israel for a water of separation: it is a purification for sin.
- And he that gathereth the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: and it shall be unto the children of Israel, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among them, for a statute for ever.
- He that toucheth the dead body of any man shall be unclean seven days.
- He shall purify himself with it on the third day, and on the seventh day he shall be clean: but if he purify not himself the third day, then the seventh day he shall not be clean.
- Whosoever toucheth the dead body of any man that is dead, and purifieth not himself, defileth the tabernacle of the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from Israel: because the water of separation was not sprinkled upon him, he shall be unclean; his uncleanness is yet upon him.
- This is the law, when a man dieth in a tent: all that come into the tent, and all that is in the tent, shall be unclean seven days.
- And every open vessel, which hath no covering bound upon it, is unclean.
- And whosoever toucheth one that is slain with a sword in the open fields, or a dead body, or a bone of a man, or a grave, shall be unclean seven days.
- And for an unclean person they shall take of the ashes of the burnt heifer of purification for sin, and running water shall be put thereto in a vessel:
- And a clean person shall take hyssop, and dip it in the water, and sprinkle it upon the tent, and upon all the vessels, and upon the persons that were there, and upon him that touched a bone, or one slain, or one dead, or a grave:
- And the clean person shall sprinkle upon the unclean on the third day, and on the seventh day: and on the seventh day he shall purify himself, and wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and shall be clean at even.
- But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut off from among the congregation, because he hath defiled the sanctuary of the LORD: the water of separation hath not been sprinkled upon him; he is unclean.
- And it shall be a perpetual statute unto them, that he that sprinkleth the water of separation shall wash his clothes; and he that toucheth the water of separation shall be unclean until even.
- And whatsoever the unclean person toucheth shall be unclean; and the soul that toucheth it shall be unclean until even.
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- Then came the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.
- And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron.
- And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD!
- And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there?
- And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.
- And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them.
- And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
- Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.
- And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him.
- And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?
- And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.
- And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
- This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.
- And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom, Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us:
- How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelt in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians vexed us, and our fathers:
- And when we cried unto the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, and hath brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of thy border:
- Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of the wells: we will go by the king's high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders.
- And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword.
- And the children of Israel said unto him, We will go by the high way: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without doing any thing else, go through on my feet.
- And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.
- Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him.
- And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor.
- And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying,
- Aaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because ye rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah.
- Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor:
- And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son: and Aaron shall be gathered unto his people, and shall die there.
- And Moses did as the LORD commanded: and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation.
- And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount.
- And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel.
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Thought for the day:
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Chapter 20 gives us the second instance of God providing water to His people from a rock. In Exodus 17:6 God instructed Moses to strike the rock with his rod, and it produced sufficient water to supply the Israelites for an extended period of time. Here a similar situation arises, and God tells Moses to speak to the rock. However, Moses, in an apparent fit of anger, strikes the rock twice with his rod. Amazingly, God in His mercy still supplies the need for water of His rebellious children. However, he informs Moses that because of his refusal to handle the rock in the way that God said, he would be forbidden to enter the Promised Land himself.
What lessons can be learned from this event? First of all, we must be careful to always do exactly what the Lord requires us to do. What we did for God yesterday may not be what He wants us to do today. Yesterday's obedience does not entitle me to today's disobedience. God's direction must always be followed precisely. Second, we must be able to maintain control of our temper and emotions. Moses had put up with a lot from the Israelites for many years. He had listened to their complaints, endured their rebellions, and wandered in the wilderness because of their refusal to do right. Yet he had repeatedly entreated God to be merciful to them. It seems that Moses had finally been pushed over the edge. Listen to his words:
"Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?" (
He called them rebels (which they were), but then took the problem personally by using the word "we". God was the one supplying the water, and it was God Who was being rebelled against. Moses personalized it, got angry, and acted impulsively and sinfully.
Psalm 106:33 shows this when it says of Moses:
"Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips."
Proverbs 14:17 teaches,
"He that is soon angry dealeth foolishly,",
Proverbs 29:22 adds
"a furious man aboundeth in transgression".
A third lesson is that we must never be guilty of unbelief. In
verse 12 God rebukes Moses by saying,
"Because ye believed me not...".
It is unknown whether Moses' lack of belief was in whether or not God could do the miracle, or whether God could do it through simple speech, or whether he had to do things exactly the way God said. Regardless of what it was, he was guilty of distrusting God, and that motivated his actions. Sin is always a result of failure to trust God; whether we fail to believe that He can provide for us, or if we fail to believe that we must obey His teachings. Moses failed to believe, and it cost him dearly. The fourth lesson goes along with the third, and that is that we must always honor and glorify God, both in private and in public. God reproves Moses in
because he failed to
"to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel".
Moses the leader failed to uplift the One Who was leading him before the congregation, and he was excluded from Canaan because of it.
One final lesson may be learned here. God had already provided for the needs of the people by having a rock smitten. From that time on, speaking to the rock was all that was necessary - no more blows were required.
I Corinthians 10:4 shows that the rock that supplied water to Israel was a picture of Jesus Christ. Christ was slain for sin
"once for all" (
Verse 12 adds
"But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever...".
Christ never needed to be re-sacrificed. Catholicism re-crucifies Jesus every time the Mass is celebrated. This is not only unnecessary, but offensive to our God. Christ was smitten of God once (
Isaiah 53:4), and it never needs to be repeated.
Pastor Dr. Mark J Montgomery