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Ambassador Baptist Church
1926 Babcock Blvd
Pittsburgh, PA 15209
(412)822-7255
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March 22, 2007

Judges 10-12
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Judges
Chapter 10
  1. And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.
  2. And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir.
  3. And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years.
  4. And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havothjair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.
  5. And Jair died, and was buried in Camon.
  6. And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.
  7. And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.
  8. And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead.
  9. Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed.
  10. And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.
  11. And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines?
  12. The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand.
  13. Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more.
  14. Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation.
  15. And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day.
  16. And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.
  17. Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh.
  18. And the people and princes of Gilead said one to another, What man is he that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


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Judges
Chapter 11
  1. Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty man of valour, and he was the son of an harlot: and Gilead begat Jephthah.
  2. And Gilead's wife bare him sons; and his wife's sons grew up, and they thrust out Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou shalt not inherit in our father's house; for thou art the son of a strange woman.
  3. Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were gathered vain men to Jephthah, and went out with him.
  4. And it came to pass in process of time, that the children of Ammon made war against Israel.
  5. And it was so, that when the children of Ammon made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah out of the land of Tob:
  6. And they said unto Jephthah, Come, and be our captain, that we may fight with the children of Ammon.
  7. And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and expel me out of my father's house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?
  8. And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Therefore we turn again to thee now, that thou mayest go with us, and fight against the children of Ammon, and be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.
  9. And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, If ye bring me home again to fight against the children of Ammon, and the LORD deliver them before me, shall I be your head?
  10. And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, The LORD be witness between us, if we do not so according to thy words.
  11. Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and captain over them: and Jephthah uttered all his words before the LORD in Mizpeh.
  12. And Jephthah sent messengers unto the king of the children of Ammon, saying, What hast thou to do with me, that thou art come against me to fight in my land?
  13. And the king of the children of Ammon answered unto the messengers of Jephthah, Because Israel took away my land, when they came up out of Egypt, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and unto Jordan: now therefore restore those lands again peaceably.
  14. And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon:
  15. And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon:
  16. But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh;
  17. Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken thereto. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not consent: and Israel abode in Kadesh.
  18. Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon was the border of Moab.
  19. And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place.
  20. But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel.
  21. And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country.
  22. And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan.
  23. So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?
  24. Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? So whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess.
  25. And now art thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them,
  26. While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that be along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred years? why therefore did ye not recover them within that time?
  27. Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon.
  28. Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of Jephthah which he sent him.
  29. Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over unto the children of Ammon.
  30. And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands,
  31. Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.
  32. So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the LORD delivered them into his hands.
  33. And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, even twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.
  34. And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she was his only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.
  35. And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back.
  36. And she said unto him, My father, if thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, even of the children of Ammon.
  37. And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows.
  38. And he said, Go. And he sent her away for two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains.
  39. And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her according to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel,
  40. That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


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Judges
Chapter 12
  1. And the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and went northward, and said unto Jephthah, Wherefore passedst thou over to fight against the children of Ammon, and didst not call us to go with thee? we will burn thine house upon thee with fire.
  2. And Jephthah said unto them, I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon; and when I called you, ye delivered me not out of their hands.
  3. And when I saw that ye delivered me not, I put my life in my hands, and passed over against the children of Ammon, and the LORD delivered them into my hand: wherefore then are ye come up unto me this day, to fight against me?
  4. Then Jephthah gathered together all the men of Gilead, and fought with Ephraim: and the men of Gilead smote Ephraim, because they said, Ye Gileadites are fugitives of Ephraim among the Ephraimites, and among the Manassites.
  5. And the Gileadites took the passages of Jordan before the Ephraimites: and it was so, that when those Ephraimites which were escaped said, Let me go over; that the men of Gilead said unto him, Art thou an Ephraimite? If he said, Nay;
  6. Then said they unto him, Say now Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not frame to pronounce it right. Then they took him, and slew him at the passages of Jordan: and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.
  7. And Jephthah judged Israel six years. Then died Jephthah the Gileadite, and was buried in one of the cities of Gilead.
  8. And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel.
  9. And he had thirty sons, and thirty daughters, whom he sent abroad, and took in thirty daughters from abroad for his sons. And he judged Israel seven years.
  10. Then died Ibzan, and was buried at Bethlehem.
  11. And after him Elon, a Zebulonite, judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten years.
  12. And Elon the Zebulonite died, and was buried in Aijalon in the country of Zebulun.
  13. And after him Abdon the son of Hillel, a Pirathonite, judged Israel.
  14. And he had forty sons and thirty nephews, that rode on threescore and ten ass colts: and he judged Israel eight years.
  15. And Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite died, and was buried in Pirathon in the land of Ephraim, in the mount of the Amalekites.


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Thought for the day:
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 Sorrow and repentance are not the same thing. Confessions can be either sincere or insincere. In Judges 10:10-15, we see both types given. Because the Lord knows the heart, and thus can tell the difference, we have a clear distinction made between the two.

 In verse 10, Israel cries out to God because of their oppression under the hands of the Ammonites. They say,

"We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim."
That sounds like a good confession, yet the response of the Lord indicates that, while their words are correct, their hearts are still filled with sin. He reminds them of all the other nations that He has delivered them from, and then points out that they continually choose to reject Him and His Word. Look at His comment in verse 13-14,
"Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation."
He reveals to them that He is tired of their unfaithfulness to Him, and that if they want to serve Baal, then they should ask Baal for deliverance, and stop bothering Him when they don't have a genuine desire to follow Him.

 Most of us have experienced this type of "sorrow" at one time or another. Perhaps you have had a child weep out some form of confession in an attempt to avoid punishment. As every parent knows, there is a difference between a sorrow over sin and a sorrow over being caught. The first is simply an attempt to avoid discipline. The second is an honest desire to be in a proper relationship coupled with a commitment to try to do right. Paul shows the distinction between the two in II Corinthians 7:9 when he writes,

"Now I rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye sorrowed to repentance."
Sorrow without repentance accomplishes nothing. Confession without repentance is useless. Repentance means a change of mind, and until a person changes his mind about what he has done, and about the God Who he has trespassed against, no amount of tears will solve his problem. Paul continues in II Corinthians by writing,
"For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of."
When a man truly has Biblical sorrow for what he has done, and not simply for what he is about to receive in punishment, then he will repent. When a man repents, things change. Note the difference in Israel in verse 15-16 of today's passage:
"And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel."
First of all, the Jews repeat their assertion that they have sinned. However, notice the difference in the attitude. This time they tell God that they are deserving of whatever punishment He may chose to mete out. They only ask for victory this one time. In addition to acknowledging their sinfulness and their deserving of discipline, they also put their confession into action by destroying the false gods that they had been serving, and returning to the service of the Lord. This is true repentance - a genuine change of mind accompanied by a resultant change of action. The Bible tells us that when Israel had this kind of Godly sorrow, then God's soul was grieved because of their misery, and He raised up a judge to deliver them.

 Many Christians cry over their condition, but how often do we exhibit true repentance? Repentance is necessary for salvation ("Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish," { Luke 13:3, 5}), for a proper relationship with the Lord ("Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works", { Rev. 2:5}), and for a proper relationship with out brothers in Christ ("If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him," { Luke 17:3}). According to Paul,

"the sorrow of the world worketh death," ( II Cor. 7:10).
However, Biblical sorrow leads to confession and repentance which in turn leads to right actions and a restored fellowship with God.

Pastor Dr. Mark J Montgomery

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