April 8, 2007
II Samuel 13-15
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- And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her.
- And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she was a virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do any thing to her.
- But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil man.
- And he said unto him, Why art thou, being the king's son, lean from day to day? wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister.
- And Jonadab said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and make thyself sick: and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight, that I may see it, and eat it at her hand.
- So Amnon lay down, and made himself sick: and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray thee, let Tamar my sister come, and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat at her hand.
- Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to thy brother Amnon's house, and dress him meat.
- So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was laid down. And she took flour, and kneaded it, and made cakes in his sight, and did bake the cakes.
- And she took a pan, and poured them out before him; but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from him.
- And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the chamber, that I may eat of thine hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought them into the chamber to Amnon her brother.
- And when she had brought them unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister.
- And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly.
- And I, whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from thee.
- Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.
- Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone.
- And she said unto him, There is no cause: this evil in sending me away is greater than the other that thou didst unto me. But he would not hearken unto her.
- Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this woman out from me, and bolt the door after her.
- And she had a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters that were virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.
- And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.
- And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he is thy brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house.
- But when king David heard of all these things, he was very wroth.
- And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.
- And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baal-hazor, which is beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons.
- And Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy servant hath sheepshearers; let the king, I beseech thee, and his servants go with thy servant.
- And the king said to Absalom, Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be chargeable unto thee. And he pressed him: howbeit he would not go, but blessed him.
- Then said Absalom, If not, I pray thee, let my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said unto him, Why should he go with thee?
- But Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and all the king's sons go with him.
- Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.
- And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.
- And it came to pass, while they were in the way, that tidings came to David, saying, Absalom hath slain all the king's sons, and there is not one of them left.
- Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.
- And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar.
- Now therefore let not my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king's sons are dead: for Amnon only is dead.
- But Absalom fled. And the young man that kept the watch lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came much people by the way of the hill side behind him.
- And Jonadab said unto the king, Behold, the king's sons come: as thy servant said, so it is.
- And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of speaking, that, behold, the king's sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept: and the king also and all his servants wept very sore.
- But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.
- So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was there three years.
- And the soul of king David longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead.
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- Now Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king's heart was toward Absalom.
- And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned for the dead:
- And come to the king, and speak on this manner unto him. So Joab put the words in her mouth.
- And when the woman of Tekoah spake to the king, she fell on her face to the ground, and did obeisance, and said, Help, O king.
- And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, I am indeed a widow woman, and mine husband is dead.
- And thy handmaid had two sons, and they two strove together in the field, and there was none to part them, but the one smote the other, and slew him.
- And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth.
- And the king said unto the woman, Go to thine house, and I will give charge concerning thee.
- And the woman of Tekoah said unto the king, My lord, O king, the iniquity be on me, and on my father's house: and the king and his throne be guiltless.
- And the king said, Whosoever saith ought unto thee, bring him to me, and he shall not touch thee any more.
- Then said she, I pray thee, let the king remember the LORD thy God, that thou wouldest not suffer the revengers of blood to destroy any more, lest they destroy my son. And he said, As the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of thy son fall to the earth.
- Then the woman said, Let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak one word unto my lord the king. And he said, Say on.
- And the woman said, Wherefore then hast thou thought such a thing against the people of God? for the king doth speak this thing as one which is faulty, in that the king doth not fetch home again his banished.
- For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither doth God respect any person: yet doth he devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.
- Now therefore that I am come to speak of this thing unto my lord the king, it is because the people have made me afraid: and thy handmaid said, I will now speak unto the king; it may be that the king will perform the request of his handmaid.
- For the king will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the man that would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.
- Then thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God, so is my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.
- Then the king answered and said unto the woman, Hide not from me, I pray thee, the thing that I shall ask thee. And the woman said, Let my lord the king now speak.
- And the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this? And the woman answered and said, As thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine handmaid:
- To fetch about this form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing: and my lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know all things that are in the earth.
- And the king said unto Joab, Behold now, I have done this thing: go therefore, bring the young man Absalom again.
- And Joab fell to the ground on his face, and bowed himself, and thanked the king: and Joab said, To day thy servant knoweth that I have found grace in thy sight, my lord, O king, in that the king hath fulfilled the request of his servant.
- So Joab arose and went to Geshur, and brought Absalom to Jerusalem.
- And the king said, Let him turn to his own house, and let him not see my face. So Absalom returned to his own house, and saw not the king's face.
- But in all Israel there was none to be so much praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him.
- And when he polled his head, (for it was at every year's end that he polled it: because the hair was heavy on him, therefore he polled it:) he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels after the king's weight.
- And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance.
- So Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, and saw not the king's face.
- Therefore Absalom sent for Joab, to have sent him to the king; but he would not come to him: and when he sent again the second time, he would not come.
- Therefore he said unto his servants, See, Joab's field is near mine, and he hath barley there; go and set it on fire. And Absalom's servants set the field on fire.
- Then Joab arose, and came to Absalom unto his house, and said unto him, Wherefore have thy servants set my field on fire?
- And Absalom answered Joab, Behold, I sent unto thee, saying, Come hither, that I may send thee to the king, to say, Wherefore am I come from Geshur? it had been good for me to have been there still: now therefore let me see the king's face; and if there be any iniquity in me, let him kill me.
- So Joab came to the king, and told him: and when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king: and the king kissed Absalom.
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- And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him.
- And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of what city art thou? And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel.
- And Absalom said unto him, See, thy matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee.
- Absalom said moreover, Oh that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice!
- And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.
- And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.
- And it came to pass after forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the LORD, in Hebron.
- For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the LORD.
- And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron.
- But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron.
- And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called; and they went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing.
- And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
- And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom.
- And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us flee; for we shall not else escape from Absalom: make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly, and bring evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword.
- And the king's servants said unto the king, Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.
- And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house.
- And the king went forth, and all the people after him, and tarried in a place that was far off.
- And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.
- Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite, Wherefore goest thou also with us? return to thy place, and abide with the king: for thou art a stranger, and also an exile.
- Whereas thou camest but yesterday, should I this day make thee go up and down with us? seeing I go whither I may, return thou, and take back thy brethren: mercy and truth be with thee.
- And Ittai answered the king, and said, As the LORD liveth, and as my lord the king liveth, surely in what place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will thy servant be.
- And David said to Ittai, Go and pass over. And Ittai the Gittite passed over, and all his men, and all the little ones that were with him.
- And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
- And lo Zadok also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up, until all the people had done passing out of the city.
- And the king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find favour in the eyes of the LORD, he will bring me again, and shew me both it, and his habitation:
- But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him.
- The king said also unto Zadok the priest, Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar.
- See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness, until there come word from you to certify me.
- Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem: and they tarried there.
- And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.
- And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O LORD, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.
- And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head:
- Unto whom David said, If thou passest on with me, then thou shalt be a burden unto me:
- But if thou return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as I have been thy father's servant hitherto, so will I now also be thy servant: then mayest thou for me defeat the counsel of Ahithophel.
- And hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore it shall be, that what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's house, thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.
- Behold, they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok's son, and Jonathan Abiathar's son; and by them ye shall send unto me every thing that ye can hear.
- So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.
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Thought for the day:
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The Bible tells us that "iron sharpeneth iron, so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend" (
Proverbs 27:17). A preacher once put it this way,
"You are already, or shall soon become, just like your friends."
The sad story found in
II Samuel 13 confirms this truth. David is beginning to pay the price for his affair with Bathsheba. He is about to surrender two more of his lambs. His son Amnon chose to lust after his half-sister Tamar. He thought that he "loved" her, and his lust for her was so great that it affected him physically. However, he knew that it was immoral for him to make any advances towards her. Thus, he kept his distance, although his mind was corrupted. This tale is sordid enough at this point, but had it ended here, Tamar would have been spared, and Amnon would not have committed the vile deed that he did. Perhaps as he grew older he would have overcome his impure, wicked thoughts, and maybe made something of himself spiritually. This was not to be, however, for verse three starts out with these words,
"But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab [was] a very subtil man."
Though Amnon's thoughts were wrong, he would have made the correct choice in his actions, but he had a friend name Jonadab, and the Bible tells us that Jonadab was a very sneaky, underhanded man.
Jonadab approached Amnon one day and asked him why he was so unhappy because. after all, he was the king's son, and should be able to have whatever he wished for. Amnon explained the situation, and Jonadab, rather than rebuking Amnon for his perverseness, offered him a suggestion on how to accomplish the evil deed. Amnon took the suggestion, and placed himself in a position from which he could carry out his plot. His lust, coupled with his friend's encouragement, blinded him to reality. Tamar tried to stop him with several arguments. She appealed to the fact that this type of behavior was not acceptable in Israel. She warned him that his decision was foolish, and that he would be considered by the populace to be a fool. She appealed to him to think of the shame that she would experience. She even offered to let him speak to David and see if he would allow them, as half brother and sister, to marry (
12-13). None of these things swayed him, and he raped her. Following this action, Amnon's life went downhill. He hated Tamar, and threw her out, which she considered more devastating that the actual offense (
16) His father David was wroth, and his brother Absalom, Tamar's full brother, hated him for what he had done. It took two years, but Absalom got his revenge, and had his servants kill Amnon (
The principle in this passage could not possibly be more obvious: be careful who you choose for your friends. If you surround yourself with spiritual people who will encourage you to follow the Word of God, then you will become a stronger Christian. If you spend your life being influenced by people who have nothing but disdain for the Scriptures, than that is where you will wind up as well. I find it interesting to note that it is Amnon who pays with his life, not Jonadab. He is still around in
verse 32 when word gets back to David about his son's execution. In fact, he tells David not to worry about all his sons being slain, because Absalom was angry only at Amnon for what he had done to Tamar. What gall! Amnon wouldn't have done the deed without Jonadab's prodding, yet Jonadab has managed to distance himself from the whole affair. How typical this is. The person who encourages you to sin will not be there to help you take the punishment for your actions. They will stand afar off and mock you with the rest of the world.
Remember, any person who encourages you to disobey the Lord does not love you.
I Corinthians 13:6 tells us that charity "rejoiceth not in iniquity". In other words, love never wants to see someone else do the wrong thing. Surround yourself with those who love God and have Biblical love for you, and you will find yourself growing spiritually stronger, and living a life that is pleasing to the Lord.
Pastor Dr. Mark J Montgomery