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Ambassador Baptist Church
1926 Babcock Blvd
Pittsburgh, PA 15209
(412)822-7255
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March 4, 2007

Deuteronomy 14-16
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Deuteronomy
Chapter 14
  1. Ye are the children of the LORD your God: ye shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead.
  2. For thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God, and the LORD hath chosen thee to be a peculiar people unto himself, above all the nations that are upon the earth.
  3. Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing.
  4. These are the beasts which ye shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,
  5. The hart, and the roebuck, and the fallow deer, and the wild goat, and the pygarg, and the wild ox, and the chamois.
  6. And every beast that parteth the hoof, and cleaveth the cleft into two claws, and cheweth the cud among the beasts, that ye shall eat.
  7. Nevertheless these ye shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the cloven hoof; as the camel, and the hare, and the coney: for they chew the cud, but divide not the hoof; therefore they are unclean unto you.
  8. And the swine, because it divideth the hoof, yet cheweth not the cud, it is unclean unto you: ye shall not eat of their flesh, nor touch their dead carcase.
  9. These ye shall eat of all that are in the waters: all that have fins and scales shall ye eat:
  10. And whatsoever hath not fins and scales ye may not eat; it is unclean unto you.
  11. Of all clean birds ye shall eat.
  12. But these are they of which ye shall not eat: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray,
  13. And the glede, and the kite, and the vulture after his kind,
  14. And every raven after his kind,
  15. And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind,
  16. The little owl, and the great owl, and the swan,
  17. And the pelican, and the gier eagle, and the cormorant,
  18. And the stork, and the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.
  19. And every creeping thing that flieth is unclean unto you: they shall not be eaten.
  20. But of all clean fowls ye may eat.
  21. Ye shall not eat of any thing that dieth of itself: thou shalt give it unto the stranger that is in thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto an alien: for thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
  22. Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.
  23. And thou shalt eat before the LORD thy God, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herds and of thy flocks; that thou mayest learn to fear the LORD thy God always.
  24. And if the way be too long for thee, so that thou art not able to carry it; or if the place be too far from thee, which the LORD thy God shall choose to set his name there, when the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:
  25. Then shalt thou turn it into money, and bind up the money in thine hand, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose:
  26. And thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul desireth: and thou shalt eat there before the LORD thy God, and thou shalt rejoice, thou, and thine household,
  27. And the Levite that is within thy gates; thou shalt not forsake him; for he hath no part nor inheritance with thee.
  28. At the end of three years thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase the same year, and shalt lay it up within thy gates:
  29. And the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hand which thou doest.


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Deuteronomy
Chapter 15
  1. At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release.
  2. And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it; he shall not exact it of his neighbour, or of his brother; because it is called the LORD'S release.
  3. Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again: but that which is thine with thy brother thine hand shall release;
  4. Save when there shall be no poor among you; for the LORD shall greatly bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it:
  5. Only if thou carefully hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all these commandments which I command thee this day.
  6. For the LORD thy God blesseth thee, as he promised thee: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, but thou shalt not borrow; and thou shalt reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee.
  7. If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother:
  8. But thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt surely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he wanteth.
  9. Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee.
  10. Thou shalt surely give him, and thine heart shall not be grieved when thou givest unto him: because that for this thing the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto.
  11. For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.
  12. And if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee.
  13. And when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty:
  14. Thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: of that wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him.
  15. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day.
  16. And it shall be, if he say unto thee, I will not go away from thee; because he loveth thee and thine house, because he is well with thee;
  17. Then thou shalt take an aul, and thrust it through his ear unto the door, and he shall be thy servant for ever. And also unto thy maidservant thou shalt do likewise.
  18. It shall not seem hard unto thee, when thou sendest him away free from thee; for he hath been worth a double hired servant to thee, in serving thee six years: and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all that thou doest.
  19. All the firstling males that come of thy herd and of thy flock thou shalt sanctify unto the LORD thy God: thou shalt do no work with the firstling of thy bullock, nor shear the firstling of thy sheep.
  20. Thou shalt eat it before the LORD thy God year by year in the place which the LORD shall choose, thou and thy household.
  21. And if there be any blemish therein, as if it be lame, or blind, or have any ill blemish, thou shalt not sacrifice it unto the LORD thy God.
  22. Thou shalt eat it within thy gates: the unclean and the clean person shall eat it alike, as the roebuck, and as the hart.
  23. Only thou shalt not eat the blood thereof; thou shalt pour it upon the ground as water.


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Deuteronomy
Chapter 16
  1. Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
  2. Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the LORD thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the LORD shall choose to place his name there.
  3. Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.
  4. And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.
  5. Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee:
  6. But at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
  7. And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.
  8. Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD thy God: thou shalt do no work therein.
  9. Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn.
  10. And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the LORD thy God, according as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:
  11. And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the LORD thy God hath chosen to place his name there.
  12. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt: and thou shalt observe and do these statutes.
  13. Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine:
  14. And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.
  15. Seven days shalt thou keep a solemn feast unto the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD shall choose: because the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the works of thine hands, therefore thou shalt surely rejoice.
  16. Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the LORD empty:
  17. Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee.
  18. Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.
  19. Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.
  20. That which is altogether just shalt thou follow, that thou mayest live, and inherit the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
  21. Thou shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees near unto the altar of the LORD thy God, which thou shalt make thee.
  22. Neither shalt thou set thee up any image; which the LORD thy God hateth.


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Thought for the day:
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 A phrase that repeats itself in this passage is

"And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt."
I see two different ways that this passage can relate to the believer today. First of all, we always need to remember where we were before we got saved. The Bible teaches that we were servants of sin ( John 8:34), and that we followed the lustful thinking of our father the Devil ( John 8:44). We could do nothing right ( Rom 3:10), and anything we did that approached righteousness was at best a filthy rag ( Isaiah 64:6). We were completely alienated from God ( Heb 7:26), and doomed to an eternity in the Lake of Fire ( John 3:18, Rev 20:15). Yet in spite of my complete unworthiness and unacceptability, God chose to love me and send His Son to die for me. Romans 5: 6-8 portrays this beautifully,
"For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die. But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."
According to these verses we were ungodly and unable. Yet God revealed to us the greatest love that has ever been when Jesus was sacrificed for us. May we never forget where we were, and where we were headed, before Christ came along.

 Second, I believe this phrase served as a continual reminder to the Jews that they should be concerned for one another and minister one to another because there had been a time in their past when they were the slaves. Sometimes people forget not only where they used to be spiritually, but also where they used to be socially and economically. A man who works for an unkind boss often becomes a tyrant himself when he gets to be in authority. People who feel that they are taken advantage of by their superiors turn around and do the same thing with those for whom they have responsibility. In chapter 15 God is speaking directly to the care and remuneration of slaves. He reminds the children of Israel that it had not been too long a time since they were serving under severe taskmasters in Egypt. He is undoubtedly calling to their remembrance how much they suffered, how much they were deprived, and how much they longed to be freed from that situation. With those things in mind, they are to treat their own servants appropriately and generously. The well-known Biblical principle at work here is

"And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise," ( Luke 6:31).

 We dare not live in the past, for we have a great God that we must press onward in service for. However, God reminds us to take time to remember the way we used to be before salvation, and the way we were before "success", and let those two sobering thoughts help to guide us in the decisions we make today.

Pastor Dr. Mark J Montgomery

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1926 Babcock Blvd
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(412)822-7255
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