May 27, 2007
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- And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the street that was before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel.
- And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month.
- And he read therein before the street that was before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people were attentive unto the book of the law.
- And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, and Meshullam.
- And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people; (for he was above all the people;) and when he opened it, all the people stood up:
- And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the LORD with their faces to the ground.
- Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law: and the people stood in their place.
- So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading.
- And Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day is holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law.
- Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for this day is holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength.
- So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day is holy; neither be ye grieved.
- And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.
- And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand the words of the law.
- And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month:
- And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written.
- So the people went forth, and brought them, and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate, and in the street of the gate of Ephraim.
- And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.
- Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner.
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- Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them.
- And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all strangers, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers.
- And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God one fourth part of the day; and another fourth part they confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.
- Then stood up upon the stairs, of the Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani, and cried with a loud voice unto the LORD their God.
- Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said, Stand up and bless the LORD your God for ever and ever: and blessed be thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise.
- Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.
- Thou art the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham;
- And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou art righteous:
- And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red sea;
- And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst thou get thee a name, as it is this day.
- And thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters.
- Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go.
- Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments:
- And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant:
- And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.
- But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments,
- And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
- Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations;
- Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, and the way wherein they should go.
- Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
- Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, so that they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not.
- Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan.
- Their children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers, that they should go in to possess it.
- So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would.
- And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness.
- Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.
- Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies.
- But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies;
- And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.
- Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands.
- Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou art a gracious and merciful God.
- Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day.
- Howbeit thou art just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly:
- Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst testify against them.
- For they have not served thee in their kingdom, and in thy great goodness that thou gavest them, and in the large and fat land which thou gavest before them, neither turned they from their wicked works.
- Behold, we are servants this day, and for the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we are servants in it:
- And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we are in great distress.
- And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it.
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Thought for the day:
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eight verses of Nehemiah 8 give us some good insight into the importance of the Word of God as well as the proper way for a preacher to handle it. We see that the people gathered together because they wanted to hear what the Law of Moses said. I understand that people did not have their own personal copies of the Scriptures at that time, and I certainly believe in and encourage people to study the Bible on their own. However, there is obviously a time for God's people to come together to collectively hear what the Lord has said. To us today, this place would be the local church. Faithful church attendance is important for many reasons, but one is so that the Christian can be under the direct teaching of the Word. Notice in verse 2 that both men and women were present, and young people were there too. The only ones exempted were those who were incapable of understanding what was being read and taught. This teaches us that all need to be under the teaching of the Word, and that even children need to be taught the Scriptures from an early age. Many churches base their youth and children's ministries on fun and games, with the occasional Bible story thrown in. While there may be a place for these things, there can be no substitute for the plain teaching of the Word of God.
In the next verses we see the people's interest in the Bible. The people stood for half a day listening to the Scriptures. Not only did they listen, but they listened attentively. It is amazing to me how some people can be rapturously interested in something of questionable value for hours on end, but can't handle a forty minute sermon. They certainly wouldn't dream of standing to listen, for we must at least be comfortable if we are going to endure the message. When the Scriptures were opened, these people bowed and worshipped, for they realized that this message was indeed from God, and they wanted to reverence the One Who had given it. I am not saying that there needs to be a physical kneeling every time the Bible is read, but there certainly needs to be a spiritual bowing before God. For many pastors and church members, the Bible is treated flippantly, and not given the respect that it deserves. It is not to be handled deceitfully or irreverently from the pulpit, and it should not be ignored in the pew. The Thessalonian believers were commended because they received the Scriptures as THE WORD OF GOD (
I Thes. 2:13), and we must do the same.
We also see in this passage the proper method of preaching. It is interesting to note that Ezra stood up above the people on a pulpit,but that is not the important factor. What does matter is what Ezra and the Levites did with the Scriptures. Verse 8 tells us that,
"they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused [them] to understand the reading."
This is what Biblical preaching involves. These men read the Bible, they explained the Bible and they applied the Bible. They read it distinctly; in other words, they gave an accurate word by word rendering of the holy Words of God. Then they gave the sense, which means that they explained to the people what these verses meant. Finally, they made the people understand what the Lord was talking about, which implies that they told the people how the Scriptures applied to their daily lives. The good preacher will read a text, for nothing has more power than the Word of God Itself (Heb 4:12). Not only will he read a text, but I believe that he will back up his preaching with more of the Scriptures, for "faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God," (Rom 10:17). Then he will expound upon what these verses mean, and what truth the Lord is conveying. Finally, he will make an application, so that the listeners are able to take the truth that they have just learned and allow it to change their lives. Please note that there are no references here to jokes, humorous anecdotes, or tear-jerking stories. Many preachers today could not survive without telling funny stories from the pulpit. Many an altar has been filled by a sad tale delivered right before the invitation. For these, the Bible is used only as an excuse to talk about other things. However, this is not the picture of preaching that one receives from the Bible Itself. There, the true preacher delivers the Word in context, preaches an expository message directly from the Word, and then makes pointed applications to the congregation.
If you are a pastor, or a teacher, what kind of message do you deliver to your "congregation"? Is it one designed to make you a popular speaker, or one that is based upon the Biblical model? As a church member, what type of preaching do you want to hear: Man's style that will amuse you, or God's style that will change you? The Biblical choice is obvious.
Pastor Dr. Mark J Montgomery